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Scrap Guide #2- Ferrous

Ferrous Scrap Steel02-17-2012

Ferrous scrap is the most common type of scrap brought to our yard. Ferrous material is metal containing iron and it will draw a magnet. Ferrous scrap can be found in a variety of forms and our yard breaks it down into the following grades:

Mixed Cast Iron
Auto Cast (Drums and Rotors)
Plate and Structural Steel (Prepared and Unprepared)
#2 Bailing
Sealed Units
Sheet Iron

Cast Iron tends to be a very brittle form of Iron. It is used in a variety of applications including water and sewage pipes, household radiators and furnaces, machines, and automotive parts such as cylinder heads and blocks, drums, and rotors. Auto cast is typically worth more than mixed cast iron, which is usually the same price as sheet iron. For a load to be graded as auto cast it must contain exclusively cast iron drums, rotors, engine block and cylinder heads with no other attachments. Drums and rotors must be separated from the axles with all bolts removed to qualify as auto cast. Engine blocks and cylinder heads must have all pistons, springs, and any other steel removed to qualify as auto cast.

Plate and Structural Steel refers to I-beams, angle iron, channel, square tubing, and steel plates, strips, bars and rounds, and is typically worth more than sheet iron. For material to be graded as Plate and Structural it must be free of any contamination. Prepared plate and structural steel must be no larger than 4 feet long and 2 feet wide, anything larger is considered unprepared.

#2 Bailing is clean steel scrap and receives a higher price than sheet iron. #2 Bailing is steel that contains no plastic, rubber, insulation, or any other contamination. Some common forms of #2 Bailing are shelving and pallet racking, filing cabinets, fencing, and conduit.

Torching is steel that is too thick to be shredded, and must be torched to be recycled. Torching is worth less than sheet iron because of the extra cost to process it. Any steel over 6” thick that does not qualify as plate and structural will be graded as torching.

Sealed Units are compressors on refrigeration units such as air conditioners, refrigerators, vending machines, and deli and meat coolers. Sealed units must be removed from such items before being sold at our yard with all CFC’s properly reclaimed. Improper removal of sealed units from appliances will allow CFC’s to escape into the atmosphere, which is both illegal and harmful to the environment.

Sheet Iron is the most common form of ferrous scrap brought to our yard. Ferrous scrap that does not fall into any other category is considered sheet iron. Sheet iron is ferrous scrap with a maximum of 10 percent contamination, which can include plastic, rubber, glass, insulation, or wood. Some common items brought to our yard as sheet iron are appliances (hot water tanks, washers, dryers, stoves, refrigerators, and a/c units) and auto parts (axles, doors, hoods, and fenders). Keep and mind all refrigeration units must have the compressors removed and CFCs reclaimed. Also, any sealed tank or barrel must be cut in half so our staff can verify it contains no hazardous material.

Date: 02.17.2012